Large Sized Trees

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Large Sized Trees – (Spacing of 35 feet +)

Lacebark Elm:
Scientific Name: Ulmus parvifolia
Size: 50′ X 35′
Drought Tolerance: High
Native Plant: No
Fall Color: Yellow
Edible Fruit: No
Growth Rate: Moderately fast

Comments: The Lacebark Elm is a gorgeous tree with mottled bark. It is very tough and is adapted to our harsh conditions. It should not be confused with its cousin the Siberian Elm. It is a fast grower so the branches tend to be weak and prone to breakage.

http://lh2treeid.blogspot.com

European Larch:
Scientific Name: Larix decidua
Size: 80′ X 35′
Drought Tolerance: Low
Native Plant: No
Fall Color: Yellow
Edible Fruit: No
Growth Rate: Moderate

Comments: The European Larch tree is an interesting tree that turns brilliant yellow in the fall, then loses its leaves in the winter. It needs moist, well-drained soil to thrive.

http://www.buckeyegardening.com

Kentucky Coffee Tree:
Scientific Name: Gymnocladis dioicus
Size: 50′ X 35′
Drought Tolerance: High
Native Plant: No
Fall Color: Yellow
Edible Fruit: No
Growth Rate: Moderate

Comments: The Kentucky Coffee Tree is a beautiful tree that is disease and insect resistant. It is another tree well-adapted to our conditions. The large seed pods, found on the female tree, can be messy.

http://commons.wikimedia.org

Honey Locust:
Scientific Name: Gleditsia tricanthos inermis ‘Shademaster’, ‘Skyline’, ‘Imperial’
Size: 45′ X 35′
Drought Tolerance: High
Native Plant: No
Fall Color: Yellow
Edible Fruit: No
Growth Rate: Fast

Comments: The Honey Locust Tree is an overused but beautiful tree which is tolerant of many conditions. It is a fast growing tree that gives a light, dappled shade.

http://www.gardengatetrees.com

Common Hackberry:
Scientific Name: Celtis occidentalis
Size: 40′ X 35′
Drought Tolerance: High
Native Plant: Yes, some varieties
Fall Color: Yellow
Edible Fruit: Yes
Growth Rate: Moderately Fast

Comments: The Common Hackberry is tolerant of wind, alkaline soil, salt and air pollution. The berries attract birds and the bark adds winter interest.

http://www.millettegardenpictures.com

Sycamore Maple:
Scientific Name: Acer pseudoplatanus
Size: 45′ X 35′
Drought Tolerance: High
Native Plant: No
Fall Color: Brown to None
Edible Fruit: No
Growth Rate: Moderately Fast

Comments: The Sycamore Maple is tolerant of a wide variety of conditions including saline soils. It will struggle if the soil is not well drained. The seed pods turn red in the fall.

http://www.treebrowser.org

Tulip Poplar:
Scientific Name: Liriodendron tulipifera
Size: 60′ X 35′
Drought Tolerance: Low
Native Plant: No
Fall Color: Bright Yellow
Edible Fruit: No
Growth Rate: Moderate

Comments: The Tulip Poplar is a very large tree with beautiful yellow flowers in the summer. It prefers deep, moist soil. It is not tolerant of very wet or very dry soils. It is worth trying because of its unique leaves and beautiful flowers.

http://www-pub.naz.edu

Bur Oak:
Scientific Name: Quercus macrocarpa
Size: 60′ X 50′
Drought Tolerance: High
Native Plant: No
Fall Color: Yellowish-Brown
Edible Fruit: Ground acorns produce edible flour if the tannins are leached out with water
Growth Rate: Slow

Comments: The Bur Oak is a very large, beautiful oak tree. It has winged bark on its branches. Children love to collect and play with the acorns because of the fuzzy projections on the caps. This tree has deep roots that make it a better tree for lawns than most. It is highly drought tolerant and is well adapted to our conditions.

http://thegrove.americangrove.org

American Linden:
Scientific Name: Tilia americana
Size: 50′ X 30′
Drought Tolerance: Average
Native Plant: No
Fall Color: Bright Yellow
Edible Fruit: No
Growth Rate: Moderate

Comments: The American Linden has larger leaves and is a bigger tree than any of the other Lindens. It is mostly tolerant to our conditions but is susceptible to several diseases. It is not tolerant of saline or heavy, wet soils.

http://www.kramertree.com

Horsechestnut:
Scientific Name: Aesculus hippocastanum
Size: 60′ X 50′
Drought Tolerance: Low
Native Plant: No
Fall Color: Yellowish-Brown
Edible Fruit: No
Growth Rate: Moderate

Comments: The horsechestnut has some of the most beautiful flowers found on any tree in our area. They are large and are either pink or white. It is a large tree that needs moist conditions, but does not tolerate heavy, wet soils. It is adapted to our alkaline soils.

http://ferrebeekeeper.wordpress.com
http://davesgarden.com

London Plane:
Scientific Name: Platanus acerifolia
Size: 80′ X 50′
Drought Tolerance: High
Native Plant: No
Fall Color: Yellow
Edible Fruit: No
Growth Rate: Moderate

Comments: The London Plane tree is well adapted to our harsh conditions. It has lovely, green, mottled bark. It is related to the Sycamore tree and is distinguishable from it by the bark being green rather than tan. It is too large for most small properties. They are related to the Sycamore Tree and is susceptible to anthracnose. Trees that are infected with anthracnose will defoliate in the summer but will quickly re-grow the lost leaves. Yearly spraying in the spring may be necessary to protect the tree.

http://kootation.com
http://www.jeanneloveall.com

Sycamore:
Scientific Name: Platanus occidentalis
Size: 80′ X 50′
Drought Tolerance: High
Native Plant: No
Fall Color: Yellow
Edible Fruit: No
Growth Rate: Moderate

Comments: The Sycamore tree is a very large, adaptable tree. It is too large for small properties and does tend to lift sidewalks and cause problems by lifting the asphalt in the streets. It is better when planted on large properties or in parks. Sycamore Trees are susceptible to anthracnose. Trees that are infected with anthracnose will defoliate in the summer but will quickly re-grow the lost leaves. Yearly spraying in the spring may be necessary to protect the tree.

http://www.morgantownwv.gov
http://www.etsu.edu

Ohio Buckeye:
Scientific Name: Aesculus glabra
Size: 40′ X 30′
Drought Tolerance: Low
Native Plant: No
Fall Color: Yellow and Orange
Edible Fruit: No
Growth Rate: Moderate

Comments: The Ohio Buckeye tree is related to the horsechestnut but is a smaller tree that has smaller leaves. It prefers some shade while it is younger to prevent leaf scorch in the summer. It needs to be planted in moist, well-drained soils.

http://www.yvts.com

Bald Cypress:
Scientific Name: Taxodium distichum
Size: 60′ X 45′
Drought Tolerance: Low
Native Plant: No
Fall Color: Orange-Brown
Edible Fruit: No
Growth Rate: Fast

Comments: The Bald Cypress is a good tree for consistently moist areas. The roots develop buttresses so the tree can survive oxygen poor soils. It can be planted around ponds and in wetland areas. It can also tolerate drier conditions and needs a soil ph that is not too alkaline. It is a beautiful, large conifer that loses its needles during the winter. BYU has nice specimens surrounding the duck pond.

http://treetour.byu.edu

Ginko:
Scientific Name: Ginko biloba
Size: 70′ X 30′
Drought Tolerance: High
Native Plant: No
Fall Color: Bright Yellow
Edible Fruit: Female trees will produce edible but stinky fruits
Growth Rate: Moderate

Comments: The Ginko tree has no known pests or diseases and is very adaptable to our area. Plant the male variety to avoid messy fruit drop. The leaves have a beautiful, gold fall color and the nuts of the female tree are edible but have a foul odor.

http://www.myfrenchforest.blogspot.com

Zelkova:
Scientific Name: Zelkova Serrata
Size: 50′ X 30′
Drought Tolerance: High
Native Plant: No
Fall Color: Orange, Bronze, Red
Edible Fruit: No
Growth Rate: Moderate